Gum disease, also called gingivitis or periodontal disease, is an infection that attacks the tissues and bones that surround and support the teeth. Gum disease is caused by the formation of plaque and bacteria on the teeth and gums, above and below the gum line. The following will heighten your risk for gum disease:
- Not practicing proper oral hygiene at home and not having regular professional teeth cleanings
- Smoking and chewing tobacco
- Having a history of gum disease in your family
- Having a compromised immune system
- Having a diet that is low in vitamins and minerals or high in sugar and carbohydrates
Gum Disease Treatment Shelby Township, MI
If you have any of the following symptoms, Dr. McKinley and Dr. Holloway may treat gingivitis in Shelby Township, Michigan:
- Red, swollen, and sore gums
- Gums that bleed easily when you brush and floss
- Receding gums
- Persistent bad breath
- Pus coming from the gums
- A change in your bite
- Loose permanent teeth
To treat gum disease, our dentists may recommend extra professional teeth cleaning appointments. If this is not sufficient, a deep cleaning procedure called scaling and root planing may be suggested.
We strongly encourage patients to have gum disease treatment as early as possible because this disease is easy to treat, and even reverse, in its early stages. Improved dental hygiene at home or extra teeth cleaning appointments at our office may be enough if gum disease is detected and treated early. If periodontal disease is allowed to progress, scaling and root planing, or even gum surgery, may be needed. Also, severe gum disease can ultimately cause loose or even lost permanent teeth.
Feel free to contact our office at 586-685-0880 today to learn more and set up a visit.
Scaling & Root Planing FAQs
What can I expect during scaling and root planing?
During scaling, plaque and tartar is removed from the tooth surface. Root planing involves the cleaning of the roots of the teeth. During this step, we also smooth the tooth roots to remove bacteria.
Is there a connection between gum disease and diabetes?
Yes. Those with pre-existing diabetes are more likely to develop periodontal disease. Periodontal disease and diabetes are interconnected. One condition may cause the other to become worse. Gum disease increases blood sugar levels, making glucose levels harder to control. Diabetes thickens blood vessels, which makes it harder to remove excess sugar in the mouth.
Is there a connection between gum disease and heart health?
Yes, these conditions are interconnected. Gum disease bacteria may attach to coronary arteries when they enter the bloodstream. This can contribute to the formation of blood clots. This can also narrow the arteries, which can lead to a heart attack. Gum disease can also cause inflammation and plaque buildup, which can swell the arteries and make pre-existing heart conditions worse.